What Is a “State”? – Definition, Features & Concept of the State

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What Is a “State”? – Definition, Features & Concept of the State

The State

A state is a polity that is typically established as a centralized organisation. There is no undisputed definition of a state.

The State – Pure Definition of the “State”

A state may be defined as a politically organised body of people inhabiting a defined geographical entity with an organized legitimate government.

The state in this respect is entirely free from external control. The power of a state is also guaranteed with coercive power to secure obedience from the citizens.

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NB ;
A state is different from empires, kingdoms, chieftains etc. However – Nigeria, Portugal, U.S.A., Canada, England etc are good examples of states.

Features of State
A State possesses the following features of characteristics:

Permanence
The state remains a permanent feature. Government can change many times but a state remains permanent.

A Defined Territory
A state has a defined territory with a limit to it’s size. It must have clearly defined boundaries, separating it from others. Things like waters, mountain, forest, air space etc make up th state.

Government
Though government is not a permanent feature of a state but it remains a significant feature because it’s a machinery set up by the state to pilot the affairs of the people making up that state. The sustenance and prestige of a state are maintained by the government.

Sovereignty
The supreme power to make decisions and enforces same on the people is with the state. The sovereignty of a state is not negotiable and must be free from external interference and control.

Population
This is an important attributes of a state. For a state to be called a state, there must be a given number of people making up the entity. However, with time, such number is bound to increase.

About the Author: RaMaDan

“The difference between school and life? In school, you're taught a lesson and then given a test. In life, you're given a test that teaches you a lesson.”

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