Government

Characteristics and Functions of Good Governance

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Characteristics and Functions of Good Governance

Government

           Government is the organized way in which a country is run, either by a council or parliament of representatives or by an individual ruler.

There are a great many types of government, each with different ideological characteristics, and the differences between these systems have been the root of many disputes and wars across the ages. The following kinds of government span the broad range of ideologies and systems, from authoritarian & monachy to liberal.

Attributes Or Characteristics Of Government

Attributes Or Characteristics Of Government

The Following are the major characteristics of government.


Law : It is a guide to the activities, beliefs and behaviour of the citizens. These are laws made by the government and entrenched in the Constitution. The actions of those in government, their limitations, rights, duties and obligations of citizens are all outlined in the constitution.

Political Power : The political power which the government has is in consonance with the people’s will to obey laws and policies made by the state.

Revenue : Government needs enough revenue for the enormous task facing it.

Work Force : The civil service possesses adequate personnel for policy making and implementation, interpretation and punishment of offenders.

People’s Legitimate Support : A Government should be able to earn for itself legitimate support from the people and this produces peace and stability in a system.

Welfare Services : Provision of some essential services, e.g. water, electricity, housing etc should be made to improve people’s well-being. This is essential for any responsible government.

Periodic Change : No government is permanent, especially, one that is based on people’s participation (elective government) hence the adoption of periodic elections. In some systems, it could be either five or four years to change a government.

Protection : It is incumbent on the government to provide enough protection and security to the people.

Functions of Modern Government

The Following are the major functions of modern government.

Law Making : Government is responsible for making laws in a country. Laws are made to ensure peace and order in the society. The Legislature is the organ of government that’s responsible for making laws.

Provision of Social Amenities : Amenities like electricity, potable water, health center e.t.c. are provided by the government. These are necessities for human existence.

Maintenance of Law and Order : The Maintenance of law and order is the responsibility of government. This function is usually performed by government agencies like the police.

Defence of the Country : Government is responsible for defending the country against external aggression. It is the duty of the armed forces of a country to maintain the territorial integrity of the state.

Protection of Lives and Property : Government is also responsible for protection of lives and property. For example, any person can seek the police protection if there is the need for it.

Provision of Employment : Job is also provided for the citizens. This goes a long way in improving the welfare of the people.

Formulation and Implementation of Policies : Formulation and implementation of policies are carried out to ensure the well-being of the people. The executive arm of government performs this function.

Promotion of Economic Activities : The promotion of everything activities is done through the process of of infrastructurer, e.g. roads, railways, airports, etx and by encouraging local and foreign investors.

Administration of Justice : The Judiciary is responsible for the administration of justice. It settles disputes between individuals and the government.

External Affairs Functions : Government maintain good relations with other countries. The Head of State and Ministry of External Affairs perform this function in Nigeria. Diplomats who represent their countries in other countries further this noble role.

About the Author: RaMaDan

“The difference between school and life? In school, you're taught a lesson and then given a test. In life, you're given a test that teaches you a lesson.”

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